If in an initial test, the reports indicate towards abnormal functioning of an area of tissue in the body, your doctor might suggest you for biopsy. Basically, it is known to be an advance form of tests which includes removal of the cells or tissues, which are then checked under a microscope. Learn in detail about this procedure here.
Biopsy, there are several definitions for this one word. Literally, it means to observe the life inside. Hence, it is a procedure which includes checking out the tissues or cells inside from the body part or organ. It is done in order to examine for any lurking diseases in the specific organ. Although it became highly popular for cancer diagnosis, however, nowadays biopsies are found useful in identifying a number of ailment and health conditions.
As far as the different kinds of biopsies are concerned, the doctor will advise you the type as per your condition and the area of the body:
Endoscopic Biopsy: When it is about reaching tissues inside the body, endoscopic biopsies are used to gather samples from places inclusive of bladder, colon, and lung. In this method, doctors make use of a flexible thin tube, which is referred to an endoscope. Basically, it has a tiny camera and a light at the end. The video monitor will let the experts view the images.
Along this, some small surgical tools are also inserted into the endoscope. It is the video which helps the doctor to collect a sample. Generally, endoscope is inserted through a small incision in your body, or better say, through any opening like mouth, nose, rectum, or urethra. It can take up to 5 to 20 minutes normally and can be done in a hospital. Later, a person might feel little uncomfortable, or have a sore throat. But these will go fine.
Bone Marrow Biopsy: In case, the doctor suspects problems with your blood, there are high chances that you might have to undergo a bone marrow biopsy. The single test can is done for cancerous and noncancerous conditions such as infection, leukemia, anemia, or lymphoma. It is also known to check the cancer cells from another part of the body, which might spread to your bones.
Your bone marrow is most easily accessed with help of a long needle, which is inserted into your hipbone by a doctor. While the inside of your bones is hard to numb, there are rare chances of pain during this procedure.
Needle Biopsy: It is used to collect the skin samples or for any tissues which are easily accessible under the skin. There are number of needle biopsies like;
- Core needle biopsy: This process uses a medium-sized needle, which extracts a column of tissue just like the core samples are taken from the earth.
- Fine needle biopsy: For this, a thin needle which is attached to a syringe is used. It allows fluids and cells to be drawn out easily.
Besides, the above stated there are few more, like image-guided biopsies. In this, imaging procedures such as X-rays or CT scans are used. It is specifically done for lung, liver, and other organs.
So, if biopsy has been a scary thing for you, now you might have understood how it assists in determining the presence or extent of a disease. And remember, it is entirely pain-free and low-risk procedures. Hence, when it about testing the area of abnormal tissue, say in case of lesion, tumor, etc., go for it fearlessly!