Pregnancy is the time when women are vulnerable to diseases, miscarriage, and deficiencies which can even affect them for the rest of the life. Such problems not only affect the health of woman but also the health of newborn. Diabetes is one such disease which is known to affect many women during pregnancy. Although symptoms of gestational diabetes disappear once the child is born but women with this type of diabetes have chances of developing type 2 diabetes in later years.
The following article is about risks involved with gestational diabetes and the ways to reduce it.
Researchers of the Institute of Diabetes Research (IDF) at Helmholtz Zentrum München in Germany have found a way that can help to predict if there are chances of developing type 2 diabetes post-childbirth. They studied 257 gestational diabetes cases documented between 1989 and 1999 and then followed the patients for next 20 years post-delivery. The research was led by Professor Anette-Gabriele Ziegler director of IDF.
The conclusion of the study was that 110 women were diagnosed with post-childbirth type 2 diabetes within the 20-year follow-up period.
The first author of the study Meike Köhler said “Body mass index (BMI) and genetic predisposition both play a role in our calculation, as does the question of whether the mother breastfed her baby and whether her gestational diabetes had to be treated with insulin???.
The researches had built a ‘point system’ to find the woman’s risk of developing post-pregnancy type 2 diabetes. Women who had low-risk scores have 11 percent risk of developing diabetes in the next five years following childbirth whereas women with medium-risk scores at 29 to 64 percent risk and those with high-risk scores have over 80 percent risk.
This test can soon make it to clinics to predict the possibility of postpartum type 2 diabetes. This help can help doctors to save their patients from risks of developing diabetes in future.
Risks Involved with Gestational Diabetes
Following are some risks involved with Gestational Diabetes which can affect any woman after child birth.
Type 2 Diabetes: If a women shows symptoms of gestational diabetes during pregnancy she is likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes post-delivery. The American Diabetes Association recommends that every woman who has a medical history of gestational diabetes should go for a two-hour glucose tolerance test at six weeks and every three years after childbirth.
Weight Control: If a woman who had gestational diabetes during her pregnancy fails to control their weight post birth can develop symptoms of gestational diabetes during their next pregnancy and type 2 diabetes in later years of their life.
Depression: Women with gestational diabetes during pregnancy can develop postpartum depression whereas women who did not have diabetes during pregnancy are at much lesser risk.
What Can You Do to Reduce Your Risks After Gestational Diabetes?
Some of the symptoms of gestational diabetes are sadness, anger, problems in sleeping, exhaustion, loss of appetite, constant anxiety. If you have any such symptoms you should consult the doctor right away to get the right medical care.
Follow A Strict Diet And Exercise Schedule: It’s important to maintain your health and weight and this can be done with the help of healthy diet and exercise. Intake of diet rich in fruits, grains, and vegetables, and taking out at least 30 minutes of exercise daily will reduce risk for future health issues.
Breastfeeding Is Important: If you are consuming the right diet then breastfeeding is totally safe and recommended for you. Even studies suggest that breastfed babies have lower chance of being overweight as an adult. It will even help you lose weight post pregnancy and reduce risk of type 2 diabetes.
Follow doctor’s instructions: Don’t use your own brains when it comes to your health and don’t forget you are at high risk of being affected with type 2 diabetes. Thus, follow doctor’s advice and get all necessary tests done.